Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) employs methods based on scientific principles of behavior to build socially useful repertoires and reduce problematic ones (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 1989).
How does ABA Work?
Applied Behavioral Analysis for autism is a teaching technique that involves breaking down a desired behavior into smaller teachable parts. Each desired skill is broken down in small measurable goals and is taught by providing a specific instruction, a prompt if needed, child engaging in the appropriate behavior, and a consequence for engaging in the behavior. The desired behavior is reinforced so as to increase the likelihood of the child engaging in that behavior in the future. Many skills are first introduced to the child in a structured environment and then are taught in a variety of settings to ensure generalization.
Why ABA Therapy?
Today, ABA is widely recognized as a safe and effective treatment for autism. It has been endorsed by a number of state and federal agencies, including the U.S. Surgeon General and the New York State Department of Health. Over the last decade, the nation has seen a particularly dramatic increase in the use of ABA to help persons with autism live happy and productive lives. In particular, ABA principles and techniques can foster basic skills such as looking, listening and imitating, as well as complex skills such as reading, conversing and understanding another person’s perspective.
Please watch this informative video of Dr. Vincent Carbone giving an introduction to the topic of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) during a seminar in November of 2006.
For more information about Dr. Carbone and his programs please visit www.drcarbone.net